Home / News / Tagged: Business in China

上大陸開公司有咩要注意?睇這篇文章就夠!

上大陸開公司有咩要注意?睇這篇文章就夠!

近年,中國政府也放寬了外商獨資企業(WFOE)的註冊要求,不再強制要求100萬人民幣的註冊資本,而且也降低了企業的所得稅率。對於想上大陸開公司的港人是絕對的利好消息!那麼上大陸開公司之前,首先要了解究竟有什麼需要特別注意的:

大陸公司類型

想在中國大陸開立公司,首先要找出適合你的業務計劃的公司類型,可以選擇的業務結構包括:有限責任公司(LLC)、股份公司、合資企業(JV)、外商獨資企業(WFOE)、代表處(RO)、國有企業、私營企業和個體企業。以下會介紹三款比較常見的公司類型。

外商獨資企業(Wholly Foreign-Owned Enterprise WFOE)

WFOE是最受歡迎的公司種類,由外國投資者成立,不涉及任何大陸的投資者。由於公司由外國人全權控制,因此公司營運上有更大的靈活性,可以從事營利活動並僱用本地和外國員工。WFOE是一種有限責任公司(LLC),股東只需就公司的債務損失承擔有限責任(Limited Liability),即是只局限於其投入的本金。成立過程通常需要2 – 4個月,而最低註冊資本則因業務種類而異,一般為10至50萬人民幣。

個體企業(Individually-Owned Enterprises IOE)

個體企業是最簡單的公司類型,通常適用於預型且簡單的業務,例如非連鎖式的商店和小餐館。只有中國公民才可以成立個體企業,因此香港人都可以考慮以此方式創業,經營一些小生意。成立個體企業無需註冊資本,亦無需聘請員工,而且因為不是法人公司而可以享有較低的稅率和營運成本。但是,亦因為這類型的公司不是法律上的個體,經營者要為其承擔無限責任,當公司資產不足以償還其債務時,經營者就要用個人財產去償還。

合資企業(Joint Venture JV)

合資企業是兩間或以上的公司同意共同成立一個單獨的企業,其業務結構是有限責任公司(LLC)。合資企業的參與者會共同承擔投資金額、管理責任以及公司的債務損失。在中國,合資企業一般為一家中國公司和一家外國公司或外國投資者共同合作而成立。此類型的公司特別適用於一些受限制的行業,例如傳媒行業,而在其餘行業依然是外商獨資企業(WFOE)最受歡迎。

大陸開公司注意事項

1. 我應該如何選擇設立業務的地點?

中國大陸在業務經營方面分了不同的區域,例如自由貿易區(FTZ)、經濟特區(SEZ)、高科技區(High-Tech Zone)等。自由貿易區包括上海、廣東、天津等18個區域。在自由貿易區會有較多的外商企業,營運業務的形式亦較多元化,會比較適合香港人在當地創業。

2. 我需要為我的公司註冊商標嗎?

中國不承認在其他國家/地區申請的商標。若果你打算把現有的香港業務擴展到中國內地,緊記要重新在內地作商標註冊。即使是新創業,也建議花一筆小錢去完成商標註冊,以保護品牌的知識產權。

3. 我應該選擇WFOE還是個體經營?創業前有什麼要考慮?

作為香港人可以選擇個體經營,因其申請程序較簡單,涉及的創業資金和營運成本也較低,但注意不要經營高風險的行業。雖然註冊過程無需提交公司章程或詳盡的業務計務,但最好還是作最周全的準備,例如店舖的選址考慮,即使是一街之隔,人流也可以差很遠。

完成公司註冊後和開設公司銀行帳戶後,就要把剩餘的初始資金轉移到大陸的銀行戶口。

大陸開公司稅款

在中國大陸經營公司可能會面對以下幾種主要的商業稅項:

  • 企業所得稅:標準稅率是25%,但對於某些受中國政府鼓勵的行業而言,稅率可以降低到15%,甚至還有免稅期。應稅款項為業務獲得的收入減去經營業務所涉費用的金額。
  • 個人所得稅:累進稅,稅率為3 – 45%。
  • 非居民預繳稅:只適用於非居民,針對利息、租金、特許權使用費和其他被動收入而徵收10%的稅款。
  • 增值稅:適用於在中國境內銷售的商品和服務,標準稅率為17%,某些必需品的稅率則為13%。
  • 消費稅:適用於14種消費品,包括煙草、酒精、化妝品、珠寶、汽車等,應稅款項為總營業額。
  • 商業稅:適用於在中國境內銷售的服務,包括無形財產的轉讓和房地產的銷售服務,稅率從3%到20%不等。
  • 房地產稅:對房屋和建築物的擁有人徵收的稅項,稅率為物業價格的1.2%,或年租金的12%。
  • 契約稅(Deed Tax):購買或轉讓物業時要繳納3 – 5%的稅款。

Business in China: What’s Up?

Business in China: What’s Up?

The COVID-19 pandemic might be slowing down, and governments all around the world are slowly planning on returning to something similar to the “normality” in the past. As the first country to feel the impact from the pandemic, China is also rising back to its former glory. BBC.com reports that China has reported an economic growth of 18.3% in the first quarter of 2021. Hence, new businesses were created, and job opportunities are advertised for new recruits.

The post-pandemic world also presents a new opportunity for new entrepreneurs. During the lockdown, e-commerce and digital marketing grew significantly. Online sales grew by 3% during the first two months of the pandemic, and it surely will not stop. If you are looking to start a new business in China, creating an online platform would be a perfect place for you, considering that it could also reach a wider range of audience. Plus side is: it won’t even bother your main job! You could just consider it as a side business if you are hesitant in leaving your main income.

Starting A New Business: Now (or never?)

doing business china

Now let’s get back to the topic. Online sales or not, starting a new business in China is a pretty good opportunity, and one that you can’t afford to miss. Even before the pandemic, owning your own business is definitely a risk that will pay off with high rewards if you play your cards right. Perhaps, you would wonder: why now? Is it really the right time, considering that the economics are still in recovery? Well, we are here to explain why now, more than ever, would be the perfect time to open a company in China!

  1.   Interest rates at a low point

Business climate in China and everywhere has definitely changed since the pandemic. New businesses are emerging in China after the lockdown. And if you are wondering ways to get a business loan in China, then worry not! Interest rates have been lowered as a result of COVID-19, and it’s probably best for you to seize this opportunity to invest in your business.

  1.   Cheap, cheap, and cheaper

In this digital world, your business won’t be successful without the help of services such as Canva, Zoho, and other tools you need. Fortunately, due to the impact COVID-19 has on the economy, vendors need to activate their survival mode and offer a lower price for their services. With the promotional prices and discounts all flooding the market, what better time to be doing a business here in China right?

  1.   Digital world: a world for everyone

One of the positives to be taken out of the pandemic is the increased networking via digital channels. As a result, it’s so easy to find talents you will need for your business to grow. Most of the workers out there are currently looking for a new shift and job opportunities. Before big time companies such as Google and Apple, who are aggressively hunting for fresh faces snatch them, you best bet that now would be the perfect time to hunt down quality workers. Can’t afford to pay them on a monthly basis? Worry not, as there are so many freelancers out there that could suit your criteria!

Time for You to Step Up

doing business china

Another positive to be taken from the ever-growing world of digital platforms is the opportunity it presents for you to compete with big time players out there. With ideas and creativity, it’s not an impossible task to be David and beat Goliath. But those things alone are not enough, as there are a lot of Goliaths you will be facing out there. You will need strategic planning, as well as careful considerations to execute your mission in order to be the best and beat out other businesses in China.

There are a lot of ways to build and plan out your mission, but here are some of the basics you will need to know in order to really get you company going:

  1.   What’s your passion?

It may seem simple, but it could be really essential. Here’s why: building a business based on something you like would definitely reduce the burden of “working” on your mind, as you are doing something you are passionate for. To start a business, you will need to do some background research. It will certainly require less time to research when you do something you like. The period of time you saved can be used for you to fasten up the launch of your business

  1.   What’s happening out there?

Unfortunately, there’s a possibility that your passion doesn’t align with the trend. Don’t sleep on this fact, and make sure to study China’s business market. It would be a waste of time to build a cool company that attracts no interest. You could also check out the top 10 industries in China, and use them for your reference in starting your own. One more thing: try to think of what your potential customer needs now rather than what they needed before during the COVID-19 pandemic.

  1.   Planning and execution

A good plan will help guide you to the right path. To make it right, you will need to answer some questions, such as:

-          What’s the cost of doing business in China?

-          How many tools will I need to help develop my business?

-          What kind of marketing strategy I needed to use, and which platform to use it for?

Hopefully, those questions will be able to help you in mapping out your business strategy. You could also search out other companies and learn how they are doing their business in China.

Business in China for foreigners: doable?

doing business china

Starting your own business is a very interesting opportunity for everyone, including foreigners. In fact, what better way to make a living by being your own boss? The Chinese government allows foreigners to start their own company. In fact, they could own a wholly foreign-owned enterprise, or WFOE. Other alternatives would be to open a joint venture and do business with Chinese companies. Either way, it’s a very exciting prospect.

Still unconvinced that doing business in China as a foreigner is a huge opportunity? Try to search for the list of foreign companies in China, and you will find a huge number of it. By the end of 2019, there were a total of 179,268 companies with foreign direct investment in Guangdong alone, and the list will keep on getting bigger as time goes by. Here are some of the top foreign companies you could find in China:

-          The Daimler Group

-          GE (General Electric)

-          Walmart

-          Microsoft

-          Honda

-          Casio

-          Fujifilm

Mind the Culture!

As a foreigner, it is important for you to learn and adapt to the local culture. It will proof to be beneficial, and helps you to understand people in your environment. The same thing goes for business reasons. You wouldn’t want your business going down in flames just because of a clumsy misunderstanding with others, right?

Besides the local Chinese culture, you will need to understand the business culture here in order to avoid any errors. We have listed down some of the basic cultural knowledge that you could note down.

  1.   Discipline

The Chinese held on to a strict discipline. They really value punctuality, and working hours are usually 8.00 am to 5.00 pm, Monday to Friday. They have two hours break within that period, and work stops during the time to eat, nap, or refresh yourself. However, sticking to an end of a schedule is not a common thing, as the end of an appointment is rarely scheduled.

Chinese people also held a strict hierarchy. During a meeting, people who enter the room first are the one with the highest rank.

  1.   Conversation

Chinese people liked to have small talks at the beginning of the meeting. Popular topics to begin a conversation are: art, landmarks, climate, or travelling experience. However, avoid political-related discussion at all costs. They would also appreciate it if you learned and used a couple of sentences in Chinese.

  1.   Numbers

Numbers play a huge part in Chinese business culture as well. As part of their beliefs, some number hold a good omen, whereas others don’t. Here are some of the examples:

o   8 is the luckiest number, giving something with this number means a good gesture too

o   Number 6 is often considered as a blessing for progress and smoothness

o   4 is the number of death, and 73 means “funeral”

How to Register a Company as a Foreigner?

You may wonder this question, right? Perhaps you would worry that it will be one of the many challenges for foreign companies in China. But turns out that it is not a difficult task to do, after all. Registering a company in China is a simple task to do. Follow this task below!

  1.       Prepare all of the documents

Typically, you will need to submit the documents such as: Legal ID, homecoming permit, and Shareholder ID. You will also need to provide the name address for your company, business scope, and proposed capital.

  1.   Figuring out your legal structure

Before moving on, it is best for you to try and figure out the legal structure of your company. As previously mentioned, there are different types of companies owned by foreigners: WFOE, Joint venture, and Representative Office. WFOE is a company owned fully by foreigners, whereas Joint Venture is a cooperation between foreigners and Chinese partners with less restriction.

  1.   Recruit talents

It’s highly advisable for you to try and recruit local workers for your staffs. They understand the local culture and market better than foreigners do. They could even provide you with suggestions to further develop your company while adapting to the local culture. To accomplish this, you will need to find a recruitment agency. They will be able to find top talents that are suitable for your needs.

  1.   Opening a bank account

If you haven’t already, make sure to open a new bank account intended solely for your business purpose. WFOE is required to have a minimum of two bank accounts: an RMB basic account to help your daily operation and foreign currency capital contribution account for receiving financial injection abroad. Both of them will function are a must have for your operation, so be sure not to miss it.

  1.       Find agencies

Registering a company by yourself will take a lot of your time and money. Therefore, you could use the help of agencies that specialize in this situation. We could help you to register your company!

So, what’s the procedure? After making sure that you have all the documents and legal files needed, you will need to follow these steps:

-          Application for name verification and registration online

-          Supply information

-          Waiting for review the application. It usually takes up to three working days

-          Finalization completed registration

-          Business license obtained and your company is a go!

Sounds easy and simple, right? Just like that, you will own a legitimate international business in China. SME Brother won’t take you to a longer path in order to obtain your licenses. What are you waiting for? Go do some research for your business, and get rich by doing so!

香港人係深圳開公司2022全攻略|一文睇曬,前海同深圳有什麼政策優惠

香港人係深圳開公司2022全攻略|一文睇曬,前海同深圳有什麼政策優惠

最近,香港同胞係深圳這邊開公司的福利政策非常多,各區政府都出臺佐相對應的一些政策,那麼目前福利比較多的區是哪些呢?

一、南山前海

前海呢幾年的發展一直都唔錯,也是很多創業者非常看好的一個區域。前海地區針對港澳青年的政策也非常多,有些也是針對前海夢工廠特定園區的一些補貼,比如租金補貼和入駐園區的補貼,但是前海夢工廠一期已經入駐滿,二期現在還在建設中。

針對港澳青年創辦企業的補貼項目有8項:

1、創業啟動資助:

(1)獲得深圳市創業資助、創客創業資助,按市資助金額給予1:1配套資助;

(2)獲得深圳市“深港創新圈”計畫項目資助,按市資助金額給予1:1配套資助;

(3)獲得香港創新及科技基金“企業支援計畫”或香港青年發展基金“創業配對基金”資助,按實際資助金額給予1:1配套資助;

(4)獲得香港科技園“網動科技創業培育計畫”、“科技創業培育計畫”或“生物科技創業培育計畫”資助,按實際資助金額給予1:1配套資助;

(5)入駐前海管理局主辦的前海創業園區6個月以上,一次性給予5萬元資助。

上述單項資助金額最高不超過100萬元,累計符合兩項以上條件的企業可享受疊加資助,總額最高不超過100萬元。

2、創業成本資助:港澳青年創辦企業符合下列條件之一的,可申請相應資助:

(1)入駐前海管理局主辦的創業園區,按第一年80%、第二年50%、第三年20%的比例資助企業租金和物管費用總額(園區官方發佈租金和物管費用指導價)。對同一企業資助不超過3年;

(2)獲得深圳市科技創新券,按科技創新券的實際使用額度給予1:1配套資助;

(3)獲得香港科技券計畫資助,按科技券的實際使用額度給予1:1配套資助。

同時符合上述(2)、(3)條件的企業,可享受疊加資助,兩項總額資助最高不超過10萬元。

3、培育企業資助

港澳青年創辦企業累計獲得人民幣2000萬元以上投資,上年度營業收入達到1000萬元且近兩年營業收入平均增長不低於30%,可獲得一次性100萬元獎勵資助。

4、重點專案資助

港澳青年創辦企業或其他獨立法人機構符合下列條件之一的,可申請相應資助;累計符合兩項以上條件的企業,可享受疊加資助,總額最高不超過1000萬元:

(1)入選為深圳市“孔雀計畫”創新團隊或廣東省“珠江人才計畫”創新創業團隊,按市資助金額的50%一次性給予專案依託單位最高800萬元配套資助;

(2)入選為深圳市高層次創新創業預備項目團隊,按市資助金額的50%一次性給予專案依託單位最高250萬元配套資助;

(3)獲得香港創新及科技基金企業支援計畫資助港幣600萬元以上,按香港創新及科技基金的資助金額(按申報受理之日港幣即時匯率的中間價折算成人民幣)的50%一次性給予企業最高300萬元配套資助。

 

 

二、龍華區(場地直接減免兩年)

1、辦公場地減免

入駐中心港澳青年團隊:免繳三個月房租及物業管理費用及水電費用;入駐中心港澳青年企業:免收第一、二年房租、物業管理費及水電費用。

2、專案入駐補貼
經評審後首次入駐中心的港澳青年創新創業項目一次性補貼十萬元;或首次入駐中心的港澳青年創新創業項目在指定機構舉辦的創新創業大賽中獲得前三等獎勵的項目最高補貼三十萬元。

3、人才住房補貼
為入駐中心港澳青年企業配租一定數量的人才住房。

三、羅湖區

位於深港口岸經濟羅湖先行區的地方都可以的,主要以三大口岸為核心,南面以深圳河為界,北至深南東路等~

1、就業補貼
給予一次性補貼2-5萬(港澳全日制本科畢業5年內,與先行區域簽訂合同2年以上,實際工作滿1年且仍然在崗的)

2、港澳專業人才

獲得金融、稅務、建築和規劃等專業職業資格證書,與先行區域簽訂2年期限勞動合同,實際工作滿1年且在崗

3、港澳青年創新創業基地

以上就是深圳目前對港澳青年的有關政策,具體詳情歡迎私信留言瞭解詳情